President and General Secretary for the first and second decades

The President of the People’s Republic of China is the Head of State, as well as the supreme representative of China both internally and externally. The State presidency is an independent State apparatus and a component part of China’s State organization. China’s system of the head of state is a system of collective leadership. The president is subordinate to the National People’s Congress (NPC) and directly receives instructions from the supreme organ of State power.

To date, six men have held the office of the president of the People’s Republic of China, Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, Li Xiannian, Yang Shangkun, Jiang Zemin, and the current president, Hu Jintao.

The following is the biographical sketch of Hu Jintao:

  • Male, ethnic Han, native of Jixi, Anhui Province, born in December 1942.
  • Joined the Communist Party of China (CPC) in April 1964 and began working in July 1965. Graduated from the specialty of hub hydropower stations of the Department of Water Conservancy Engineering of Tsinghua University. With a university education. Engineer.
  • General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of PRC, Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission and Chairman of the Central Military Commission of PRC.
  • 1959-1964 Student at the Department of Water Conservancy Engineering of Tsinghua University
  • 1964-1965 Postgraduate and political instructor at the Water Conservancy Engineering Department of Tsinghua University
  • 1965-1968 Participated in R&D at the Water Conservancy Engineering Department of Tsinghua University and served as political instructor before the start of the “cultural revolution” in 1966
  • 1968-1969 Worked with the housing construction team of Liujia Gorge Engineering Bureau, Ministry of Water Conservancy
  • 1969-1974 Technician and secretary of No. 813 Sub-Bureau, Fourth Engineering Bureau, Ministry of Water Conservancy and deputy secretary of the general Party branch of the sub-bureau’s head office
  • 1974-1975 Secretary at the Gansu Provincial Construction Committee (GPCC)
  • 1975-1980 Deputy director of the design management division, GPCC
  • 1980-1982 Vice Chairman of GPCC, and Secretary of the Gansu Provincial Committee of the Communist Youth League of China (CYLC) (September-December 1982)
  • 1982-1984 Member of the Secretariat of the CYLC Central Committee and Chairman of the All-China Youth Federation
  • 1984-1985 First secretary, Secretariat of the CYLC Central Committee.
  • 1985-1988 Secretary of the Guizhou Provincial Party Committee, and first secretary of the Party Committee of Guizhou Provincial Military Command
  • 1988-1992 Secretary of the Party Committee of Tibet Autonomous Region, and first secretary of the Party Committee of Tibet Military Command
  • 1992-1993 Member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, and member of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee
  • 1993-1998 Member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, member of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee, and President of the Party School of the CPC Central Committee
  • 1998-1999 Member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, member of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee, Vice President of the People’s Republic of China, and President of the Party School of the CPC Central Committee
  • 1999-2002 Member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, member of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee, Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission, Vice President of the People’s Republic of China, Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the People’s Republic of China, and President of the Party School of the CPC Central Committee
  • 2002-2003 General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission, Vice President of the People’s Republic of China, Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the People’s Republic of China, and President of the Party School of the CPC Central Committee before Dec. 2002
  • 2003-2004 General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the People’s Republic of China, Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission, and Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the People’s Republic of China
  • 2004-2005 General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the People’s Republic of China, Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission, and Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the People’s Republic of China
  • 2005- General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the People’s Republic of China, Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the People’s Republic of China.
  • An alternate member, member of the 12th CPC Central Committee and member of the 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th and 17th CPC Central Committees.
  • A member of the Political Bureau and its Standing Committee, and member of the Secretariat of the 14th and 15th CPC Central Committees, a member of the Political Bureau and its Standing Committee, and General Secretary of the 16th and 17th CPC Central Committee.
  • Made an additional Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission at the fourth plenary session of the 15th CPC Central Committee.
  • Elected Vice President of the People’s Republic of China at the first session of the 9th NPC.
  • Appointed Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the People’s Republic of China at the 12th session of the 9th NPC Standing Committee.
  • Elected President of the People’s Republic of China at the first session of the 10th NPC.
  • Became Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission at the fourth plenary session of the 16th CPC Central Committee.
  • Elected Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the People’s Republic of China at the third session of the 10th NPC.
  • Appointed Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission at the first plenary session of the 17th CPC Central Committee.
  • Elected President of the People’s Republic of China and Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the People’s Republic of China at the first session of the 11th NPC.
  • A member of the Standing Committee of the 6th National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC).

Source: http://english.gov.cn/2008-03/15/content_921051.htm

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