Liu Yunshan is a leader in the Communist Party of China, who holds the positions of First Secretary of the Central Secretariat of the Communist Party of China, Chairman of the CPC Central Guidance Commission for Building Spiritual Civilization and President of the CPC Central Party School.
Liu worked in Inner Mongolia for 20 years, beginning with his appointment there in 1968. Liu is the Director of the Propaganda Department of the Communist Party of China Central Committee. He was a member of the 16th and 17th Politburo of the Communist Party of China, and was elected to both the 18th Politburo and its Standing Committee of the Politburo in 2012.
After the 18th Party Congress in November 2012, Liu accumulated a number of high-level positions in addition to his role of overseeing propaganda, including the No. 1 spot in the Secretariat.
Liu was born in 1947 in Xinzhou City, Shanxi Province. Liu joined the CCP in 1971. He started his career as a teacher in rural Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (AR) (1964–68), and was a “sent-down youth” (manual laborer in the countryside) in a rural commune in the region during the Cultural Revolution (1968–69). He received an undergraduate education (on a part-time basis) from Jining Teachers College in Jining City, Inner Mongolia AR (1964–68) and took courses in public administration (on a part-time basis) at the Central Party School (1989–1992). He was a clerk in the Propaganda Department of the CCP Committee of the Tumd Right Banner, Inner Mongolia AR before joining the Inner Mongolia AR branch of the Xinhua News Agency, where he was a reporter and division head (1975–1982). Liu was deputy party secretary of the CCYL Committee in Inner Mongolia AR (1982–84), then deputy head and head of the Propaganda Department of the CCP Committee of Inner Mongolia AR (1984–87). He was promoted to secretary general of the CCP Committee of Inner Mongolia AR (1987–1991), party secretary of Chifeng City (1991–92), and deputy party secretary of Inner Mongolia AR (1992–93).
In 1993, Liu was transferred to Beijing where he served as deputy director of the CCP Propaganda Department (1993–2002). Liu was first elected to the Central Committee as an alternate member at the 12th Party Congress (1982).