Ocean Park Hong Kong, commonly known as Ocean Park, is a marine mammal park, oceanarium, animal theme park and amusement park, situated in Wong Chuk Hang and Nam Long Shan in the Southern District of Hong Kong. It is, together with Hong Kong Disneyland, one of the two large theme parks in Hong Kong. Opened in 1977 by the then Governor of Hong Kong Sir Murray MacLehose, Ocean Park has grown to over 80 attractions and rides after the completion of a HK$5.5 billion Master Redevelopment Plan (MRP) begun in 2005. The park has won several awards, including The World’s Seventh Most Popular Amusement Park and one of the “50 Most Visited Tourist Attractions in the world” by Forbes. In November 2012, Ocean Park became the first theme park in Asia to win the Applause Award from the International Association of Amusement Parks and Attractions.
Ocean Park received 7.79 million visitors in 2014, making it the world’s 13th most visited theme park, and the largest theme park in all of Asia.
Covering an area of 91.5 hectares (226 acres), the park is separated by a large mountain into two areas, The Summit (Headland) and The Waterfront (Lowland). These areas can be reached by a 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) cable car system, or the Ocean Express funicular railway. As the Headland comprises several hills, visitors can also opt to use Hong Kong’s second longest outdoor escalator.
The theme park currently has a wide array of attractions and rides, including 4 roller coasters, and also animal exhibits with different themes, such as a giant panda habitat, a jelly fish and Chinese sturgeon aquarium, as well as an aquarium featuring the world’s largest aquarium dome which displays more than 5,000 fish. Between 1979 and 1997, Ocean Park was most famous for its signature killer whale, Miss Hoi Wai.
Besides being an amusement park, Ocean Park Hong Kong is also committed to merging entertainment and education, while inspiring lifelong learning and conservation advocacy. This is done by operating observatories, laboratories, an education department, and the Ocean Park Conservation Foundation, Hong Kong (OPCFHK), a fund which advocates, facilitates and participates in the conservation of wildlife and habitats, with an emphasis on Asia, through research and education. In 2011/2012, the Foundation funded 42 conservation projects, covering 27 species in 10 Asian countries for a total of HK$5 million—all record highs.
Ocean Park Hong Kong was the first institution in the world to have success in artificial insemination of bottlenose dolphins, and developed numerous new breeds of goldfish.