According to the requirements of the Circular on further Intensifying the Work on Quality and Safety of Dairy Products issued by the General Office of the State Council of China in Sept. 2010, the Chinese Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) has taken measures to enhance the supervision on quality and safety of dairy products and made significant progress through special programs on the basis of results from previous programs.
First, all milk stations have been made subject to supervision.
Milk stations engaged in collection of raw milk were inspected in strict compliance with the Regulations on Supervision and Administration on Quality and Safety of Dairy Products. Altogether inspectors of 32,000 person times were sent to check their certificates for collection of raw milk and permits for transportation of raw milk, sanitary facilities, records of purchase, selling and testing, and systems for quality and safety control. In 2010, all 13,503 registered milk stations in the country were inspected and all 7,980 vehicles for transportation of raw milk were also covered in the supervision scheme.
Second, quality and safety of raw milk has kept improving.
According to the features of raw milk production and transportation, agricultural authorities have established a series of supervision systems, including special monitoring, surprise sampling inspection and sampling inspection by bodies from other places. Results of sampling inspections in 2010 and the first quarter of this year showed that melamine content of all the samples from over 20,000 batches of raw milk were within the limit set in national regulations, marking notable improvement in quality and safety of raw milk in the country.
Third, progress has been made in development of standardized dairy cattle farming.
The state has allocated 260 million yuan as special funds for subsidies on improved breeds to 9.02 million heads of dairy cattle in the country. In 2010, the state appropriated 500 million yuan as special funds for development of large-scale standardized dairy farms, which were used to support rebuilding and expansion of 832 farms and establishment of 410 demonstration farms. At present, the farms where the number of dairy cattle has exceeded 100 have accounted for 28% of the total of dairy farms, 5 percentage points higher than that at the end of 2009; the coverage of improved breeds of Holstein cattle has been 100%; and the proportion of mechanized milking has reached 87%, up 36 percentage points compared with the period prior to the campaign on rectification of the dairy industry.
Fourth, practical results have been achieved in terms of technical trainings for dairy farmers.
According to the requirements of the Regulations on Supervision and Administration on Quality and Safety of Dairy Products and considering the implementation of the national standards in raw milk, agricultural authorities at all levels have enhanced the trainings on science-based dairy cattle farming techniques, techniques for production of safe raw milk, national favorable policies for the dairy industry and a number of administrative documents, including the Regulations on Supervision and Administration on Quality and Safety of Dairy Products, the Outlines of the Program on Rectification and Revitalization of the Dairy Industry and the Methods for Administration on Production and Collection of Raw Milk. In 2010, 2 training courses for technicians specialized in large-scale standardized dairy cattle farming, 9 training courses on technical systems of the modern dairy industry and extension of dairy cattle farming technologies to rural households, and 8 training courses for people specialized in production and collection of raw milk were organized in the country and dairy farmers and technicians of 5000 person-times attended those training courses.
MOA will further carry out the special program on raw milk in accordance with the regulations in the next phase. It will apply the systems for supervision and sampling inspection, check of collected raw milk, and detection of and punishment for practices against the regulations, focus on the three key links of production, collection and transportation, and prevent reemergence of melamine contamination; and increase policy support, accelerate development of large-scale standardized dairy cattle farming, address the issues of environmental protection, disease prevention and control, and quality and safety of raw milk in a coordinated way, and facilitate transformation of the production pattern of the dairy industry to ensure and improve the quality and safety of raw milk in the process of production.